病例翻译-体检之头颈部症状说明中英文

2018-08-03 12:00 博朗
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1、头颅[cranium,skull]

·头颅变形[deforming skull]

·头形(围)[head contour (circumference)]

·小颅(尖颅,巨颅)[microcephalism (acrocephalia,large skull)]

·长(短)头[dolichocephalia (brachycephalism)]

·方(塔)颅[squared (tower) skull]

·落日现象[sitting sun phenomenon]

·颅缝[cranial suture]

·前(后)囟门[anterior (posterior) fontanel]

·囟门膨出(塌陷)[bulging (edpressed) fontanel]

·囟门晚(早)闭[delayded (earlier) closure of the fontanel]

2、眼球[eyeball]

·眼球浮动[ocular bobbing]

·眼球破裂[eyeball rupture]

·眼球穿孔伤[ocular-perforating injury]

·眼球内异物[intralcular foreign body]

·眼距增宽(变窄)[ocular hypertelorism (hypotelorism)]

·眼球萎缩[atrophy of eyeball]

·眼球突出(凹陷)[exophthalmos (enophthalmos)]

·眼球震颤[nystagmus]

·眼球固定[eyeball fixation (stare)]

·眼球活动受限[limitation of eye movement]

·假眼[ocular prosthesis]

·眼外肌运动[extraocular movements]

3、眼睑[eyelids]

·睑内(外)翻[entropion (ectropion)]

·流泪[lacrimation]

·上睑下垂[ptosis]

·眼睑痉挛(松驰)[blepharospasm (blepharo-chalasis)]

·眼睑水肿(红肿)[edema (redness and swelling) of the eyelids]

·瞬目过少[nictitation diminution(lid lag )]

·瞬目过多[frequent nictitation (blinking)]

·眼裂缩小(增宽)[blepharophimosis (blepharodia stasis)]

·眼睑充血[blepharal hyperemia]

·泪囊[lacrimal sac ]

·睫毛反射[eyelash reflexes]

·压眶反射[reaction to pressure on the supraocular notch]

·皱眉(皱额,闭目)[raise eyebrows (wrinkle forehead,force eyelids closing)]

4、结膜[conjunctive]

·结膜反射[conjunctival reflexes]

·充血[congestion]

·红(白)[redness (pallor)]

·球结膜水肿[chemosis]

·结膜滤泡(滤泡增生)[conjunctival follicle (folliculosis)]

·沙眼[trachoma]

·胬肉[pterygium]

·水样(脓性)分泌物[watery (purulent) discharge]

5、角膜和巩膜[cornea and sclerae]

·角膜反射[corneal reflexes]

·角膜混浊[cornea opacity]

·透明(不透明)的[transparent (opaque)]

·异物[foreign body]

·老年环[arcus senilis]

·溃疡(穿孔)[ulcer (perferation)]

·黄染(无黄染)[stained yellow (anicteric)]

6、瞳孔[pupil]

·右眼[OD (oculus dextet)]

·左眼[OS (oculus sinister)]

·2mm大小[2mm in size]

·等大等园[be equal and round ]

·瞳孔大小不一[unevenness of pupils (anisocoria)]

·固定[fixed]

·瞳孔缩小[contraction of pupils (miosis)]

·瞳孔散大[dilation of pupils (platycoria)]

·瞳孔畸形(闭锁)[deformity (seclusion) of pupils]

·直接(间接)对光反射[direct (consensual) response to light]

·瞳孔对光反射(佳)(差)[good (poor) light reflex of pupils]

·对光反射存在[retain light reflexes]

·调节反射[accommodation reflex]

·辐辏反射[convergence reflex]

7、视力和视野[Vision and Visual fields]

·视力模糊(减退,差)[blurred (impaired, poor) Vision]

·弱视[amblyopia]

·复视[double vision (diplopia)]

·斜视[strabismus]

·麻痹性斜视[paralytic squint]

·偏盲[hemiscotosis]

·失明[amaurosis (blindness)]

·夜盲[night blindness]

·色盲[color blindness]

·全色盲[achromatopsia]

·绿(蓝)色盲[achromatopsia green(blue) blindness]

·红-绿色盲[red-green blindness]

·色弱[color weakness]

·远视[far-sightedness (far –sighted,hyeropia)]

·近视[short-sightedness (short-sighted,nearsightedness,myopia)]

·右(左)眼200度[200 degree,OD(OS)]

·左(右)眼视力[OS(OD) vision]

·视野完整[full (intact) visual fields]

·象限视野缺损[tetarfanopia]

·单侧(双颞侧)缺损[unilateral (bitemporal) defect]

·视野缺损[visual field defect]

·视野缩小[contraction of visual field]

8、眼底和眼压[fundus and intraocular pressure]

·眼底镜检查[fundoscopy (ophthalmoscopy)]

·眼底清晰[fundi are clear]

·小动脉(小静脉)[arteriole (venule)]

·小动脉狭窄[narrow arteriole]

·小动脉硬化[arteriolosclerosis]

·微动脉瘤[microaneurysm]

·动静脉压迹[A-V nicking]

·点状(头焰样)出血[punctate (flame) hemorrhage]

·视乳头色素沉着[pigmentation of disc (retina)]

·视神经乳头(视神经)水肿[papilledema (papilloedema)]

·视乳头凹陷(苍白)[excavation (pallor) of optic disc]

·视网膜出血(水肿,渗出)[retinal hemorrhage (edema,exudation)]

·视网膜色素变性[pigmentary degeneration of retina]

·视网膜剥离[retinodialysis]

·视网膜变性(损伤)[retinal degeneration (injury)]

·测眼压[intraocular pressure measurement]

·眼压升高(降低)[increase (decrease) of intraocular pressure]

9、耳廓和外耳道[pinna and external canal]

·红(肿、痛,压痛)[redness (swelling,pain,tenderness)]

·糜烂(渗出物,脓性分泌物)[erosion (exudate,purulent discharge)]

·疱疹(瘘管,小水疱,血疱)[herpes (fistula,visicle,blood blisters)]

·狭窄(闭锁)[stenosis (clausura)]

·耵聍(耵聍栓塞,耵聍过多)[cerumen (ceruminal impaction,ceruminosis)]

·耳疖[furuncle of ear ]

·耳化脓(溢脓)[otopyosis (otopyorrhea)]

·耳廓假性囊肿[pseudocyst of auricle]

·外耳道异物[foreign body of external auditory canal]

·耵聍钩(钳)[cerumen hook (forceps)]

10、鼓膜[tympanic membrane (drum)]

·光反射[light reflex]

·红色(粉红色,苍白)[be red (pink,pale)]

·鼓膜内陷[otopiesis (indrawing of drum)]

·鼓膜膨出[umbo (bulge of drum)]

·鼓膜穿孔(粘连)[perforation (adherence) of drum]

·中央(周围)性穿孔[central (marginal) perforation]

·鼓膜破裂[myringorupture]

·鼓膜增厚(充血,疤痕,疱疹,肉芽)[hypertrophy (congestation,scar,herpes,granulation) of drum]

·鼓室积水(血)[hydrotympanum (hematotympanum)]

11、听力[audition (hearing)]

·听觉过敏(减退)[hyperacusis (hypoacusis)]

·听觉不良(迟钝,障碍)[dysacousis (bradyacusia, dysacusis)]

·听觉域[auditory sensation area]

·听力正常[normal hearing]

·听力(觉)迟钝[auditus depression (amblyacousia)]

·听力障碍[dysaudia]

·听力丧失[hearing loss (disability)]

·传导性(神经性,感音神经性)耳聋[conductive (neural,sensorineural) deafness]

·老年性耳聋[presbycusis]

·音叉试验[tuning fork test]

·秒表(耳语)听力检查[stopwatch (whisper) audiometry]

·韦伯氏试验(骨导偏向试验)[Weber’s test]

·任内氏试验(气骨导听力比较试验)[Rinne’s test]

·施瓦巴赫氏试验(骨导对比试验)[Schwabach’s test]

12、鼻[nose]

·酒渣鼻[rosacea]

·鞍(蛙状)鼻[saddle(frog) nose]

·畸形(肿胀,溃疡)[deformity (swelling,ulcer)]

·鼻翼扇动[flaring (movement) of alae nasi (nasal ala flap)]

·鼻骨骨折[fracture of nasal bone]

·鼻疖[nasal furuncle]

·鼻道狭窄[rhinostenosis (stenosis of nasal canal)]

·流涕[running nose]

·鼻粘膜干燥(苍白,红)[dry (pale,red ) mucosa]

·鼻腔异物[nasal foreign body]

·鼻粘膜萎缩(肥厚,肿胀)[nasal mucosa atrophy (hypertrophy,swelling)]

·鼻孔(甲)[naris (turbinates)]

·上(中、下)鼻甲[superior (middle,inferior ) turbinates]

·鼻塞[nasal obstruction]

·鼻中隔偏移(穿孔,肿胀,血肿,溃疡)[deviation (perforation,swelling,hematoma,ulcer) of nasal septum]

·鼻(副鼻)窦[nasal (paranasal) sinus]

·额(上颌,蝶,筛)窦[frontal (maxillary,sphenoid,ethmoid) sinus]

·鼻窦压痛[tenderness over sinuses]

·鼻镜检查[rhinoscopy]

13、嗅觉[smell (scent)]

·嗅觉减退(敏锐)[hyposmia (oxyosmia)]

·嗅觉异常[heterosmia]

·嗅觉测定[measurement of olfaction]

·嗅觉倒错(嗅幻觉)[paraosmia (olfactory hallucination]

·嗅觉缺失[anosmia]

14、口腔粘膜与唇[mucosa of mouth and lips]

·口腔(唇)[oral cavity (lips)]

·口瘢痕挛缩[cicatricial contracture of mouth]

·口疮[aphtha]

·口角[angle of mouth]

·唇(口角)干裂[cheilosis (angular cheilosis)]

·皱裂[ehagades]

·口裂[oral fissure]

·干燥(湿润)[dry (moist)]

·口唇干燥[xerocheilia (desiccation fissure)]

·口臭[halitosis (ozostomia)]

·口唇(腔)疱疹[herpes labialis (of mouth)]

·口唇肥厚[lips pachynsis]

·口角糜烂[perleche]

·口腔坏疽[oral gangrene]

·柯泼力克氏斑[Koplik’s spots]

·口腔白斑(溃疡形成)[oral leukoplakia (ulceration)]

·口水(口涎增多)[saliva (ptyalism)]

·口周苍白(雀斑)[circum-oral pallor (freckle)]

·闭口困难[open bite (closure lips irreducible)]

·张口受阻(困难)[limitation (difficulty) of mouth opening]

15、牙齿[tooth]

·牙表面[tooth surface]

·牙不齐[odontoloxy (alignment disorder,malalignment)]

·牙发育不全(异常)[metodontiasis (dysplasia dentalis)]

·牙根折断[dental root fracture]

·牙齿缺失[anodontia (absence of the tooth)]

·牙脱落[odontoptosis (lose a tooth)]

·缺齿[missing teeth]

·残根[residual root]

·牙松动[odontoseisis (loosening of the tooth)]

·牙垫[bite-block]

·牙磨损[tooth abrasion]

·牙骨质增生[hypercementosis]

·牙冠破裂[cracking of crown]

·牙石[odontolith (tartar,dental calculus)]

·牙列拥挤[crowded dentition]

·牙缝宽[wide interdental space]

·牙萌出过迟(早)[delayed (premature) eruption of tooth]

·牙线[dental floss]

·牙髓腔(炎)[pulp cavity (pulpitis)]

·拔牙[extract (pull out ,draw out,put out) a tooth]

·假牙[false (artificial tooth)]

·假牙[prosthesis]

·镶牙[insert tooth]

·龋齿[decayed teeth (dental caries)]

·龋洞[carious cavity]

·牙面色素沉着[pigmentation of tooth surface]

·牙关紧闭[trismus (lockjaw)]

·牙触(叩击)痛[tooth tenderness (percussion pain)]

·牙周囊肿(感染,萎缩)[periodontal cyst (infection,atrophy)]

16、牙龈[gum (gingiva)]

·牙龈出血(囊肿,坏疽,撕裂)[gingival bleeding (cyst,gangrene,laceration)]

·牙龈充血(肿胀,糜烂)[gingival engorgement (swelling,erosion)]

·牙龈萎缩(增生)[gingival atropy (hyperplasia)]

·牙龈(牙周)溢脓[gingival pyorrhea (peripyema)]

·牙龈脓肿[gumboil]

17、舌[tongue]

·舌背静脉[dorsal lingual veins]

·舌颤动[tremulous tongue (lingual tremor)]

·舌淀粉样变性[amyloid degeneration of tongue]

·舌后坠[glossocoma]

·舌尖麻木[tongue tip numbness]

·舌裂[split tongue]

·舌脓肿(溃疡)[tongue abscess (ulcer)]

·舌乳头(体,背)[papillae (body, dorsum) of tongue]

·舌苔[coated (furred) tongue]

·地图(草莓,镜面)舌[geographic (strawberry, marror face) tongue]

·裂纹(牛肉)舌[wrinkled (beefy) tongue]

·毛舌[hairy tongue]

·舌光滑(粗糙)[smooth (rough) tongue]

·舌滤泡[lingual follicles]

·舌干燥[sausarism]

·舌肌萎缩(肥厚)[atrophy (hypertrophy) of tongue muscle]

·舌系带过短[tongue tie (ankyloglossia)]

·舌下囊肿(溃疡,脓肿,肿块)[sublingnal cyst (ulcer, abscess, tumor)]

·伸舌困难(偏斜)[difficulty (deviation) of tongue extenison movement]

18、咽和扁桃体[pharynx and tonsil]

·鼻(口)咽[nasal (oral) pharynx]

·扁桃体不肿大[no enlargement of tonsil]

·无充血和渗出[no injection (congestion) and exudate]

·脓点(滤泡,白色小点)[beads of pus (follicle, white particle)]

·扁桃体出血(感染,肥大,溃疡)[hemorrhage (infection, hypertrophy, ulcer) of tonsil]

·扁桃体肿大[swelling of tonsil]

·扁桃体(后,周围)脓肿[tonsillar (retrotonsillar, peritonsillar) abscess]

·扁桃体缺如[tonsil deletion]

·扁桃体隐窝(窝)[tonsillar crypts (fossa)]

·咽部异物(溃疡,分泌物)[pharyneal foreign body (ulcer, secretion)]

·咽后壁淋巴滤泡增生[retropharyneal folliculosis]

·咽部干燥(疱疹,充血,水肿)[dryness (herpes, congestion, swelling) of throat]

·咽反射[pharynx reflex]

·咽下不能[dysphagia]

·腮腺肿大[enlargement of parotid gland]

19、喉[larynx]

·白喉(喉白斑)[diphtheritic croup (leukoplakia of larynx)]

·喉闭锁[atretolemia]

·喉梗阻[laryngemphraxis (laryngeal obstruction)]

·喉痉挛(狭窄)[laryngeal spasm(laryngo-stenosis)]

·喉头痉挛[laryngospasm]

·喉反射[laryngeal reflex]

·喉坏死(钙化)[necrosis (calcification)of larynx]

·喉瘘(囊肿,脓肿,息肉,血肿,异物)[laryngeal fistula(cyst,abscess,polyp,hematoma,foreign body)]

·喉膨出[laryngocele]

·喉缺失[absence of largnx]

·喉头水肿[laryngeal edema]

·声嘶(哑)[hoarseness (dumbness)]

·变(失)声[mutation (loss) of voice]

·失音[aphonia]

·发音(构音)障碍[pararthria (dysarthria)]

·喉部感觉缺失[laryngeal anesthesia]

·会厌发育不全(擦伤,裂,囊肿,脓肿)[agenesis (abrasion, fissure, cyst, abscess) of epiglottis]

·会厌分叉(结节)[bifid epiglottis(epiglottic tubercle)]

·声带肥厚[hypertrophy of vocal cords]

·声带麻痹[vocal cord paralysis]

·声带小结[vocal nodule]

·声带息肉[polyp of vocal cord]

·声门痉挛[glottis spasm]

·声门下狭窄[subglottic stenosis]

20、颈部[neck]

·颈部创伤[neck trauma]

·颈部淋巴结(囊肿)[cervical lymph node (cyst)]

·颈动脉窦按摩[carotid sinus massage]

·颈强直[neck rigidity (stiff-neck rigidity, stiff neck)]

·颈软[soft neck (supple)]

·斜颈[torticollis]

·角弓反张[opisthotonus]

·颈静脉搏动(曲张)[jugular pulse (varicosity)]

·颈静脉怒张[jugular vein distention (JVD)]

·颈静脉充盈(怒张)[jugular vein is full(distention and prominence)]

·库斯毛氏征[Kussmaul`s sign]

·肝颈反流[hepatojugular reflex]

·收缩期(舒张期)囊颤[systolic (diastolic) thrill]

·颈动脉搏动异常(增强、减弱、消失)[abnormal carotid pulsation (increase, decrease, disappearance)]

21、甲状腺[thyroid]

·弥漫(局灶,结节)性甲状腺肿大[diffuse (local, nodular) thyroid enlargement]

·甲状腺震颤[thyroid tremor]

·震颤[thrill]

·甲状腺血管杂音[thyroid vascular murmur]

·甲状腺峡部[isthmus of thyroid gland]

·甲状旁腺[parathyroid gland]

·甲状腺囊肿(滤泡、肿块,出血)[thyroid cyst (follicle, tumor, hemorrhage)]

22、气管[trachea]

·气管插管[endotracheal intubation]

·气管痉挛[tracheospasm]

·气管囊肿(息肉、狭窄、移位)[tracheal cyst (polyp, stenosis ,displacement)]

·气管(向右)偏移[displacement of trachea (tracheal deviation to the right)]

·气管居中[trachea is in the midline]

·气管内异物[intratracheal foreign body]